Copyright at Western

Copyright Modernization Act

On September 29, 2011, the federal government introduced the Copyright Modernization Act (Bill C-11). The legislation received Royal Assent on June 29, 2012, and most of its provisions were brought into force on November 7, 2012.

Perhaps the most significant amendments to Canada's Copyright Act brought about by Bill C-11 from Western's perspective were the changes that directly impact research, teaching and learning, and daily operations on campus. Education was explicitly added as a permissible purpose to employ the fair dealing exception to infringement. Bill C-11 also modernized the educational institutions exceptions to infringement permitting the use of copyrighted materials in both the digital and the physical classroom. Other amendments include protection for technological measures (TPM) that companies use to secure content; new exclusive rights including the right to make sound recordings available on the internet;  and new personal use exceptions, including the ability to move content across formats.

Consult the Parliament of Canada Canada LEGISinfo website for additional information and background on Bill C-11 including:


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Created 12/01/2013
Updated